WHAT IS CE MARKING?
The letters “CE” are the abbreviation of French phrase “Conformité Européene” which literally means “European Conformity.”
1. CE Marking on a product is a manufacturers and installers declaration that the product complies with the essential requirements of the relevant European health, safety and environmental protection legislations. Product Directives contain the “essential requirements” and/or “performance levels” and “Harmonised Standards” to which the products must conform. Harmonised Standards are the technical specifications (European Standards or Harmonisation Documents) which are established by several European standards agencies
(CEN, CENELEC,etc). CEN stands for European Committee for Standardisation. CENELEC stands for European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation.
2. CE Marking on a product indicates to governmental officials that the product may be legally placed on the market in their country.
3. CE Marking on a product ensures the free movement of the product within the EU single market.
4. CE Marking on a product permits the withdrawal of the non-conforming products by customs and enforcement/vigilance authorities.
WHAT IS THE MACHINERY DIRECTIVE?
The Machinery Directive (current)
‘The Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 1992, implements the European Machinery Directive and contains detailed requirements for manufacturing and installing safe new machinery.’
- CE marking for electrically operated roller shutters was introduced with effect from 1st January 1995, under the Machinery directive.
- From the 1st January 1997 all electrically operated roller shutters had to be CE Marked.
- The Machinery Directive is risk assessment led. There are no product specific requirements.
Manufacturers obligations are to:
- Prepare a risk assessment for all electrically operated products.
- Maintain a technical ﬁle for each electrically operated product.
- Provide installers with a Declaration of Incorporation to the Machinery Directive for each standard electrically operated product.
- Issue comprehensive ﬁtting instructions.
- Issue operating and maintenance instructions.
- Installers obligations are to:
- Install each electrically operated product as per the manufactures fitting instructions.
- Allocate each product with a unique reference number
- Attach a CE Label to the products
- Provide end-users with a Declaration of Conformity to the Machinery Directive and retain a 2nd file copy
- Provide end users with Operating and Maintenance instructions
WHAT IS CPR?
CPR – Construction Product Regulations
The CPR builds upon the CPD and aims to break down technical barriers to trade in construction products within the European Economic Area (EEA). To achieve this, the CPR provides for four main elements:
- A system of harmonised technical specifications
- An agreed system of conformity assessment for each product family.
- A framework of notified bodies
- CE marking of products
The CPR harmonises the methods of assessment and test, the means of declaration of product performance and the system of conformity assessment of construction products, but NOT national building regulations. The choice of required values for the particular intended use is left to the regulators and public/private sector procurers at the national level. However, such required values must be expressed in a consistent manner (technical language) as used in the harmonised technical specifications.
The full legislation relating to manufacturers, importers and distributors came into force on 1 July 2013, when the CPD was replaced.
MANUFACTURERS AND INSTALLER’S OBLIGATIONS TO CPR
Manufacturers obligations are to:
- Fulfil all requirements of the main product standard (BSEN 13241-1 Industrial, commercial and garage doors and gates – product standard part 1 – products without fire resistance or smoke control characteristics).
- Fulfil all requirements in supporting standards
- Have safety functions and environmental characteristics tested by a UKAS accredited body.
- Have a fully documented, externally audited Factory Production Control system (FPC).
- Provide installers with a Declaration of Performance to the CPR.
- Issue comprehensive fitting, repairing and dismantling instructions.
- Issue a log book which is to remain with the product.
- Attach a CE label under the CPR to the manufactured product.
Installers obligations are to:
- Retain a copy of the Manufacturers Declaration of Performance to the CPR and the Manufacturers Declaration of Incorporation to the Machinery Directive.
All products that are manufactured within the sizes and specifications listed in this price list are fully compliant to the essential requirements of the new product standard.
To manufacture a product outside of the specifications listed within this price list will require evaluation, possibly internal and external testing and a dedicated risk assessment and installation. This process will have associated costs and time implications regardless of whether we are able to supply the product or not.
*DOOR OR WINDOW
BSEN 13241-1 and its supporting standards, under the CPR, only apply to products installed over doorways. Products over windows have different product standards but they must still be compliant under the machinery directive if electric operation.
A doorway is any opening designed to give safe access to persons or vehicles in industrial, commercial or residential premises.
It is our decision to classify all servery and cabinet applications as doorways.
To comply with the standard all doorway shutters require an anti-fall back device when the maximum out-of-balance static force exceeds 200 newtons† after a single suspension component failure. The doorway shutters affected by this will be indicated on the pricing tables which follow in this price list.
The anti-fall back device supplied will depend on the product type and operation. Spring loaded shutters requiring an anti-fall back device will be supplied with two springs to satisfy the standard.
Please note this will now mean that there are some widths of shutters which can no longer be manufactured if the shutter
is required for a doorway. When applicable this will be clearly indicated on the price tables. Electrically operated shutters requiring an anti-fall back device will be supplied with either an anti-drop brake or a spring. The price table will indicate which anti-fall back device will be installed.
OPPORTUNITIES & BENEFITS OF CE MARKING
By following some simple steps you will be minimising the risk of injury to installers and users of roller shutters while meeting your legal obligations.
Importantly, under the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974, landlords and owners of domestic, commercial and industrial premises
are under a legal obligation to ensure that new and existing shutters are maintained to the appropriate standard. In the event of an accident, investigators will ask your customer’s Health and Safety representative to provide them with evidence of a proper risk assessment, correct installation, maintenance schedule and availability of operating instructions.
† The newton is the SI unit of force. One newton is the force required to give a mass of 1 kilogram an acceleration of 1 metre per second.
“Doorway Shutters, garage doors and gates must comply with the Machinery Directive and the Construction Product Regulation. Using products that are properly CE marked demonstrates compliance.”
“You are breaking the law if you accept, an electrically operated shutter that has not been properly CE marked.”
Key benefits of CE marking:
- Products should become safer leading to a reduction in accidents.
- If an installer is subject to legal action, CE marking under the Construction Products Regulation provides a recognised legal framework to help oﬀset installer liability.
- All employers have legal duties under: The Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations. Compliance under the CPR and MD not only ensures that products are safe but that they remain so through regular maintenance.
- With much greater emphasis on ensuring products are installed in an appropriate manner (i.e. are ‘ﬁt for purpose’) fewer call-backs are anticipated.
- To comply with the CPR all our roller shutters and roller garage doors have undergone wind loading tests. This now provides us with accurate performance information for our range of products.
- Promotion of your compliance to this legislation will enhance your businesses credibility when approaching new and existing customers.
- To ensure our range of products comply with the new legislation there has been several product developments resulting in higher speciﬁcation products and greater functionality.
Key points to remember:
- It is the installer’s / distributor’s responsibility to ensure that the product selected is ﬁt for the buyer’s purpose and that it is of satisfactory quality for its intended use.
- Is it a door / servery or window?
- If a door is the size suﬃcient to require an anti-fall back device? (please refer to the appropriate pricing matrix)
- All products must be installed in accordance with our ﬁtting instructions.
- A Declaration of Conformity to the MD must be issued once an electrically operated product has been installed. In addition a CE label should be attached to the product.
- The end-user should be familiarised with the safe operating procedures and issued with the operating and maintenance instructions/log book provided by Security Direct.